Marotti

Scientific Name :
Hydnocarpus alpina Wight
Synonym(s) :
Local/Common name(s) :
Marotti
Family :
Flacourtiaceae
Habit :
Tree
Flowering/Fruiting Time :
February-July
Habitat :
Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
Endemic :
Yes
Status (IUCN) :
Distribution :
South India and Sri Lanka
Nativity :
Indigenous
Uses :
Medicine, Oil, Soft wood
Description (Morphology) :

Trees to 15 m; bark 5-6 mm thick, smooth, greyish-brown, slightly rough; branchlets puberulus. Young leaves copper red. Leaves simple, alternate, drooping, 8-25 x 5-10 cm, ovate, elliptic-oblong or ovate-lanceolate, apex acute or acuminate, base oblique, round or acute, margin entire, glabrous, glossy, coriaceous; lateral nerves 7-10 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent; petiole 5-10 mm, stout, swollen tipped, grooved above and glabrous; stipules lateral, deciduous. Flowers unisexual 22-25 mm across, yellowish-white, solitary or in stout axillary fascicles; pedicel 1. 5-2 cm long, deflexed, pubescent. Sepals 5, 8 mm long, oblong, pubescent, imbricate. Petals 5, 1 cm long, narrow, glabrous, with a scale at the base; scales linear, as long as petals, sparsely hairy. Stamens 5-15; filaments glabrous; connectives broad; ovary 1-celled, tomentose, stigmas 5, free, radiating, recurved. Fruit a berry, 5-7 cm across, densely tomentose, dark brown.

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