Scientific Name :
Piper nigrum L.
Local/Common name(s) :
Flowering/Fruiting Time :
Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also cultivated
Status (IUCN) :
Peninsular India and Sri Lanka, cultivated elsewhere
Description (Morphology) :
Glabrous climbers. Leaves simple, alternate, to 16 x 10 cm, ovate, acuminate at apex, acute, rounded or truncate at base, 7-nerved, nervules subparallel; petiole to 2.5 cm long. Spikes to 12 cm long, slender; peduncles to 2.5 cm long; bracts united forming a cup below the flower. Flowers closely placed; stamens 2. Drupes 5 mm across, globose, smooth, deep red; stigmas 3-5, recurved.