Pepper

Scientific Name :
Piper nigrum L.
Synonym(s) :
Local/Common name(s) :
Kurumulaku, Pepper
Family :
Piperaceae
Habit :
Climber
Flowering/Fruiting Time :
July-March
Habitat :
Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also cultivated
Endemic :
No
Status (IUCN) :
Distribution :
Peninsular India and Sri Lanka, cultivated elsewhere
Nativity :
Indigenous
Uses :
Medicine
Description (Morphology) :

Glabrous climbers. Leaves simple, alternate, to 16 x 10 cm, ovate, acuminate at apex, acute, rounded or truncate at base, 7-nerved, nervules subparallel; petiole to 2.5 cm long. Spikes to 12 cm long, slender; peduncles to 2.5 cm long; bracts united forming a cup below the flower. Flowers closely placed; stamens 2. Drupes 5 mm across, globose, smooth, deep red; stigmas 3-5, recurved.

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