Poothamkolli, Vayanavu

Scientific Name :
Poeciloneuron indicum Bedd.
Synonym(s) :
Local/Common name(s) :
Poothamkolli, Vayanavu
Family :
Clusiaceae
Habit :
Tree
Flowering/Fruiting Time :
December-June
Habitat :
Evergreen forests, also in sacred groves
Endemic :
Yes
Status (IUCN) :
Distribution :
Western Ghats
Nativity :
Indigenous
Uses :
Description (Morphology) :

Large evergreen trees; to 30 m high; bark 5-6 mm thick, grey to brown, rough; bole straight, buttressed some times with stilt root; exudation milky yellow, scanty; branchlets terete. Leaves simple, opposite, 11-25 x 2.5-6.5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblong or linear-oblong, apex caudate acuminate, base acute or obtuse, margin entire, glossy, areolate, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves many, close, parallel, slender, obscure; intercostae reticulate; petiole 10-30 mm, stout, glabrous, grooved above. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-white, fragrant, in axillary and terminal panicles; pedicels 1-2 cm, puberulous; bracteoles triangular. Sepals 5, 3 mm long, ovate, puberulous without. Petals 5, 5-6 mm, elliptic to obovate. Stamens numerous, free or slightly connate; filaments 0.5 mm long; anthers 3.5 mm, erect. Ovary 1-2 mm, bilocular; ovules 2 in each locule; styles 2, subulate. Fruit a capsule, 2-2.5 cm across, globose, beaked, pink, 1-celled; seed one, fleshy.

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