Vayyankatha

Scientific Name :
Flacourtia montana Graham
Synonym(s) :
Local/Common name(s) :
Vayyankatha
Family :
Flacourtiaceae
Habit :
Tree
Flowering/Fruiting Time :
November-June
Habitat :
Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
Endemic :
Yes
Status (IUCN) :
Distribution :
Endemic to India: Western Ghats: Kerala: throughout (occasional)
Nativity :
Indigenous
Uses :
Medicine, Food, Timber
Description (Morphology) :

Throny trees to 8 m, thoms about 5 cm long, bark grey, thin, smooth. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, 12-22 x 6-8, ovate, elliptic, apex acute or acuminate, base acute or rounded, margin crenate-serrate, coriaceous, glabrous except midrib below, shining above; 3-5 nerves from the base, prominent, lateral veins 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, slender, prominent; petiole 5-10, stout, glabrous. Flowers unisexual, small, in axillary congested pubescent cymes. Sepals 4 or 5 tomentose, small, imbricate. Petals absent. Stamens many; anthers versatile. Ovary superior, urn shaped, glabrous, incompletely 2-5 locular, ovules 2 in each cell; styles 5, reflexed, notched at tip. Fruit a berry, globose, obtusely ribbed, 1-1.5 cm across, bright red, of an agreeable acid flavour; seeds few, reddish.

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